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Golang vs. Python: Which Is Better?

Apoorva Goel
Published: October 8, 2022

Do you want to learn how to code but are a beginner?

Which programming language should you start learning first? The languages that developers employ the most are those that are quick, simple to learn, and in-demand.

In this article, we make a comparison between Go and Python.  Both are very popular languages.

The Go Language

Go is an open-source programming language developed at Google in 2007 by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. The development of Go (also known as Golang) began with the idea of making it possible to build reliable programs that scale up from single computers to thousands of computers without having to rewrite the program or have experts on hand with deep knowledge of the underlying hardware architecture (e.g., CPUs).

Pros and Cons of Using Go

The language has some advantages, such as good performance, fast compilation, easy concurrency, and better security. It also has a rich library of packages that makes it easy for programmers to build projects quickly.

On the other hand, it also has some disadvantages. One of them is that it lacks code reusability, which means that you have to rewrite the same code over and over again if you want to use it in different places of your project. Another disadvantage is that Go lacks a niche, which means that there are not many programs written in this language thus making it hard to find tutorials or other resources on how to use Go for specific needs.

Usage Of Go Programming Language

It is suitable for projects related to distributed network services, cloud-native development, replacements for existing infrastructure, utilities and stand-alone tools, news outlets, media platforms, and more.

The Python Language

Python was created by Guido van Rossum in 1989. It’s one of the most popular high-level programming languages in use today. Python’s design philosophy emphasizes readability and code readability. This makes it easy to learn and use for both beginners and professionals. Python has a large standard library, which provides many useful functions for data processing, text parsing, mathematics, machine learning, and other application domains.

Pros and Cons of Using Python

Python is a popular data science language. Because of its versatility and ease of use, is used to create interactive web applications, data visualizations, and prototypes. It can be used as a prototyping tool or for more complex projects like building large web applications. Python has a large community with many tutorials and resources available online.

However, there are certain disadvantages to Python that should be considered before deciding on the language for your project.

One of the major disadvantages of Python is that it lacks mobile development support. This means that if you are looking to develop a mobile app or website in Python, then you will have to use an entirely different language like Java or Kotlin. Another disadvantage is speed, which can be problematic depending on what your project requires. If you need something to run at lightning speed, then Python may not be the best choice for you. Memory also becomes an issue when using this programming language because it doesn’t offer garbage collection like other languages do (JavaScript).

Usage of Python Programming Language

It is suitable for projects related to data analysis and machine learning, web development, automation or scripting, software testing and prototyping, and many other tasks.

Comparison Between Go and Python Programming Languages

Python and Go are both modern programming languages that differ substantially in many ways.

  • Go language is new. It has quickly grown to accommodate some of the newest innovations in data science and system programming alike, but Python is typically considered superior for complex data scientists’ problems.
  • Golang is best for system programmers. While Python features a dynamic type system (and an interpreter), Golang features static types (and a compiler). This means that Python code is easier to read — it’s faster to write, and slower but more powerful at runtime, whereas Golang has a cleaner syntax with slower compilation times. 
  • Unlike Python, which supports object-oriented programing (with classes and objects), Golang does not. But don’t let this deter you from considering either of these two incredibly versatile languages. (If anything, this just proves how much potential there is in both of them!)
  • Python doesn’t support concurrency and can’t run many tasks at once. Unlike Python, Go is newer, which means it’s missing out on some library opportunities (like the ones Python has). If you’re looking to create a complex project in data science, Python would be your pick; if you’re programming system software, you’ll want to choose Go over Python.

Even though they have similar syntaxes, there are some differences between them as well.

  • Go language’s syntax is simple, and libraries are not too heavy. It’s easy to get the job done in fewer lines of code, as we don’t need to type much. We can accomplish tasks in many ways with Python, but sometimes this leads team members into confusion. On the other hand, Golang has strict rules when it comes to programming. It doesn’t allow unnecessary libraries or variables to be created in the program. That means there aren’t infinite ways to perform certain tasks, which makes understanding codes easier among large groups who work on them together.

We’ve seen pros and cons for both languages, and you’ll recognize that they’re each good at what they do best. Considering this when picking one might help us decide — Python works well with any kind of task due to its huge library, while Go works great for system programming.

Which Is a Better Language: Go or Python?

Python is a programming language that is easy to learn and use. It is also known for its readability, which makes it a popular choice among beginners. Python has a wide range of applications and can be used in web development, data analysis, scientific computing, and even video game development.

Go is an open-source programming language developed by Google in 2007. It was designed to be fast, reliable, and efficient with minimalistic syntax to make it easier for programmers to write large programs without having to worry about low-level details such as memory management. Go is not without its faults though, as many people find it difficult to learn and use due to the lack of proper documentation on how things work behind the scenes.

Both languages are good to add to your skill set.

Source: dzone.com